The International Lead Association (ILA) has welcomed a new study by Europe’s automotive and battery industry which concludes that lead-based batteries will by necessity remain the most widespread energy storage system in automotive applications for the foreseeable future.
The study, A Review of Battery Technologies for Automotive Applications, comes at a time when ILA is working on behalf of the lead industry to maintain the exemption for lead-based batteries within the EU End of Life Vehicle Directive’s wider ban on lead in light-duty vehicles, due for review in 2015.
ILA Managing Director, Dr Andy Bush, said: “This study highlights the technological and socio-economic advantages of lead-based batteries to power a vehicle’s starter motor, lights, and ignition system.
“ILA believes that the conclusions of the study will considerably strengthen the case for the continued use of lead-based batteries in automobiles as a reliable, cost effective, safe, and fully recyclable energy storage solution.”
The study concluded that 12V lead-based batteries are the only battery technology tested for the mass market that satisfies the technical requirements of conventional vehicles (including start-stop and basic micro-hybrid vehicles) and that it is not possible to replace one battery technology by another without impacting the overall performance and vehicle cost.
It also confirmed that lead-based batteries are essential in providing energy storage solutions, not just for conventional, start-stop and micro-hybrid vehicles, but also for plug-in hybrid and full electric vehicles working alongside other battery technologies.
Among the advantages of lead-based batteries are their low cost and unparalleled ability to start the engine at cold temperatures in conventional and micro-hybrid vehicles plus their use as auxiliary batteries in all other automotive applications.
The report also advocates that where substitution between battery technologies is possible, this should be left to the manufacturers of applications, so they can chose the most suited batteries for their products. The EU’s legislative and regulatory framework should also guarantee a fair and technology-neutral competition between battery technologies.
The study, A Review of Battery Technologies for Automotive Applications, reached its conclusions on the continued application of existing battery technologies using the combined input of EUROBAT, representing Europe’s automotive battery industry, the European Automobile Manufacturers Association (ACEA), the automobile manufacturers’ associations of Japan (JAMA) and South Korea (KAMA), as well as contributions from the International Lead Association.
Notes to editors
The study assessed in depth the performance profiles of the automobile battery technologies currently in use:
1. Conventional vehicles, including start-stop and basic micro-hybrid vehicles are equipped with a 12V lead-based battery, which is required to start the engine and supply the complete electrical system, and can also be expected to provide start-stop functionality, as well as the entry class of braking recuperation and passive boosting.
Due to their excellent cold-cranking ability, durability and low cost, 12V lead-based batteries remain the only battery technology tested for the mass market that satisfies the technical requirements for these vehicles. This is expected to be the situation for the foreseeable future.
2. Hybrid vehicles, including advanced micro-hybrid, mild-hybrid and full-hybrid vehicles rely on the battery to play a more active role, with the energy stored from braking used to boost the vehicle’s acceleration. In full-hybrid vehicles, the stored energy is also used for a certain range of electric driving.
Several battery technologies are able to provide these functions in different combinations, with nickel-metal hydride and lithium-ion batteries coping best as requirements increase, due to their fast recharge, good discharge performance and life endurance. At high voltages, lead-based batteries are so far limited by their more modest recharge and discharge power and capacity turnover.
3. In plug-in hybrid and full electric vehicles, high voltage battery systems (up to 100kWh for commercial vehicles) are installed to provide significant levels of electric propulsion.
Lithium-ion battery systems remain the only commercially available battery technology capable of meeting requirement for passenger cars according to EV driving range and time, due to their high energy density, low weight, good recharge capability and energy efficiency. Other battery technologies (nickel-metal hydride, lead-based etc.) cannot deliver the required level of performance for these applications at a competitive weight.
For commercial applications, harsh environments and heavy duty vehicles, high-temperature sodium nickel chloride batteries are a competitive option
All hybrid, plug-in hybrid and full electric vehicles also utilise a second electrical system on 12V level for controls, comfort features, redundancy and safety features. This electrical system is in all cases supplied by a 12V lead-based battery.
ILA is a membership body that supports companies involved in the mining, smelting, refining and recycling of lead. The ILA represents the producers of about 3 million tonnes of lead. ILA’s work has a broad focus, covering all aspects of the industry’s safe production, use and recycling of lead.
The Advanced Lead Acid Battery Consortium (ALABC) will add its expertise to a project that aims to create a solar-powered microgrid on the campus of … Continue Reading
Chinese battery makers are leading a renaissance in lead acid battery science , delegates learned this month at a technical workshop organised by the Advanced … Continue Reading
Automotive OEMs and lead-acid battery makers are accelerating a new collaborative work programme to ensure the next generation of energy storage systems meet car market … Continue Reading
Global car-makers will be in for a surprise next week (30 Jan 30 - 2 Feb) with a range of exciting new battery developments rolled … Continue Reading
Delegates at the 15th European Lead Battery Conference (15ELBC) heard how groundbreaking innovation and the unique advantages of lead batteries … Continue Reading
David Wilson, former head of the International Lead Association (ILA), has been recognised for his contribution to the lead and lead battery industry with the … Continue Reading
Innovation in lead batteries is continuing rapidly as the industry adapts to changing energy storage markets, said Andy Bush, managing director of the International Lead … Continue Reading
Latest results show that a demonstration hybrid vehicle (HEV), utilising an advanced lead carbon battery, is on track to meet stringent air quality and ultra-low emission requirements … Continue Reading
A blog published by Eurometaux, the European Association of Metals, sets out how innovation in lead batteries is delivering solutions to dramtically reduce carbon emissions … Continue Reading
Current mild-hybrid vehicle projects, in partnership with Ford and Hyundai/Kia, that utilize an advanced 48V lead-carbon battery, look set to play an important role in … Continue Reading
The Advanced Lead Acid Battery Consortium is taking an active part in the Advanced Automotive Battery Conference (AABC) in Detroit this week, with an Continue Reading
Cris Williams has been appointed as ILA’s new Senior Scientist - Health with responsibility for providing in depth expertise on toxicological science associated with lead … Continue Reading
News on the progress of the Advanced Lead Acid Battery Consoritum's (ALABC) new three-year program is being spread this week at the annual Battery Council … Continue Reading
The potential for a huge increase in the market for energy storage systems is an opportunity that lead batteries cannot afford to miss,.
At this year's … Continue Reading
A paper by ILA that evaluates the environmental impacts of the manufacture and use of lead products, has highlighted the benefits of advanced lead batteries.
The … Continue Reading
The International Lead Association (ILA), EUROBAT, Battery Council International (BCI), and Association of Battery Recyclers (ABR) have announced the formation of a new strategic alliance. … Continue Reading
As part of a reorganisation of associations supporting the global lead industry, the International Lead Association has taken responsibility for the management of the Advanced … Continue Reading
Raise your company's profile at the most important lead battery conference in 2016.
Lisa Allen has been appointed as the new Lead REACH Consortium Manager. In her role at the International Lead Association she will be responsible for … Continue Reading
An information leaflet setting out the dangers of lithium-ion batteries entering the lead battery recycling process has been published.
The warning, which will be distributed to … Continue Reading
The lead and lead battery industries must work together more closely if the lead battery is to remain the product of choice for consumers and … Continue Reading
Bob Nelson, a pioneer in the work of the Advanced Lead Acid Battery Consortium (ALABC) has been awarded this year’s International Lead Award.
Each year the … Continue Reading
Lead-based batteries can be a part of the solution to the sustainability challenges society faces, according to the International Lead Association (ILA).
In a paper in … Continue Reading
The Advanced Lead Acid Battery Consortium (ALABC) has published a factsheet on the benefits to industry of its three-year research programme 2013-15. The 2013-15 ALABC programme … Continue Reading
A clear and focused global programme led by the International Lead Association (ILA) will help create the conditions needed for lead producing companies to thrive … Continue Reading
Lead producers and miners have taken action to protect workers by introducing voluntary targets to reduce exposure to lead that go beyond current international regulations.
The … Continue Reading
The EU Commission has been asked to reconsider how effective the REACH Authorisation process is for the management of a range of chemical substances that … Continue Reading
The 19th International Lead Conference (Pb2015) now has more than 100 delegates, from more than 50 companies, due to attend in Lisbon, 22-24 April.
The conference … Continue Reading
A free-to-use computer model that helps regulators and industry ensure that rivers, lakes and streams are protected from the potential risks of lead has been … Continue Reading
The Advanced Lead Acid Battery Consortium (ALABC) aims to take technology forward to levels of performance that will ensure lead batteries remain the battery of … Continue Reading
19th International Lead Conference Lisbon, 22-24 April 2015
After its successful workshop at Pb2013, the International Lead Association has announced it is to host the second Lead Occupational Exposure Workshop, in Lisbon, prior … Continue Reading
The International Lead Association has confirmed its programme for the the 19th International Lead Conference (Pb2015), which will be held in Lisbon, Portuagal, 22-24 April … Continue Reading
The Advanced Lead Acid Battery Consortium (ALABC) has held its first technical lead battery workshop in North America to discuss advances in technology for current … Continue Reading
A new study shows that virtually all lead-based automotive batteries that have come to the end of their useful life are collected and recycled in … Continue Reading
ILA has announced that the 19th International Lead Conference (Pb2015) will take place on 22-24 April 2015 in Lisbon, Portugal. The event, organised by ILA, … Continue Reading
The continuing success of lead battery products and the potential for new markets was among the encouraging news for delegates … Continue Reading
The International Lead Association (ILA) has put promoting the many benefits of lead batteries high on its agenda over the coming years. In an artilce published … Continue Reading
Dick Amistadi and Michael Mayer have been honoured with the International Lead Award for a lifetime of service to the lead industry.
For the first time … Continue Reading
New studies commissioned by the International Lead Association (ILA) have given greater insight into the environmental profile of lead-based products across their entire life cycle.
As … Continue Reading
Future demand for lead is assured and it will be needed more than ever to support the growing market for energy storage solutions, according to … Continue Reading
An article in the May edition of Metal Bulletin looks at how lead metal has become one of the most recycled commodities in the world … Continue Reading
The International Lead Association will be represented at the exhibition for EU Green Week, Europe’s biggest annual conference on environment … Continue Reading
The 14th European Lead Battery Conference (14ELBC), Europe’s leading lead battery conference, has announced its programme and opened registration for delegates.
Organised by the International … Continue Reading
Dr Craig Boreiko, Scientific Programs Director at the International Lead Zinc Research Organization (ILZRO) has retired after 25 years of service as the global lead … Continue Reading
Following the announcement that Martin Boddy, Chairman of both ILA and ILA-Europe is stepping down from both roles, two new chairman have been appointed in … Continue Reading
The lead industry must deliver continuous improvement in environmental, health and safety performance to build trust according to Dr Andy Bush, ILA Managing Director in the Autumn … Continue Reading
There are no concerns about the availability of raw materials or the security of supply for lead-based batteries for the foreseeable future, according to a … Continue Reading
One of the most important environmental research projects in recent years, conducted on behalf of the lead industry by the International Lead Association (ILA), is … Continue Reading
Experts in occupational health and safety practices have completed two successful training missions to India where they worked alongside the domestic lead industry to promote … Continue Reading
The International Lead Association (ILA) has added to its improvement programme on risk management and responsible care with the publication of a freely-available new guide … Continue Reading
The important role of environmental stewardship has been recognised in this year’s International Lead Award with the honour going to Brian Wilson of … Continue Reading
Ground-breaking research funded over several years by the International Lead Association (ILA) has helped to shape important changes to the EU’s regulations on water quality … Continue Reading
Copies of the presentations during the ILA's 18th International Lead Conference (Pb2013) are now on sale and are available electronically.
Delegates to the conference, … Continue Reading
Lead exposure to workers in the European and North American lead industry is well managed and reductions continue to be recorded, according to newly released … Continue Reading
The International Lead Association (ILA) has called for greater support from EU institutions for the vital role that the lead industry and its downstream users … Continue Reading
Lead-carbon batteries used in hybrid electric vehicles have passed a rigorous test of their durability with flying colours.
A Honda Civic Hybrid (HEV) with lead-carbon Ultrabattery … Continue Reading
ILA’s Annual Review 2012, illustrating the sustainability of the lead industry and its commitment to continuous improvement, has been published.
The review also reports on … Continue Reading
International experts have completed a successful training mission to China where they worked alongside the domestic lead industry to promote good environmental performance and occupational … Continue Reading
Recent media reports appear to have fundamentally misunderstood the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) adoption of a Reference Value for lead in … Continue Reading
ILA notes with interest the start of the public consultation by the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) on a proposal by Sweden to limit the risk … Continue Reading
As part of its commitment to improving risk management in the lead industry, particularly in developing countries, the International Lead Association (ILA) has launched a … Continue Reading
The Advanced Lead-Acid Battery Consortium (ALABC) and Controlled Power Technologies (CPT) have been recognised for developing their low-cost LC Super Hybrid car technology at the … Continue Reading
The current economic climate presents tremendous opportunities for the lead industry … Continue Reading
Proposals by Sweden for the harmonised EU classification of lead metal as a proven human reproductive hazard will have serious repercussions for the … Continue Reading
Regulators are failing to take into account some of the most important factors, such as the overall economic benefits and effectiveness of existing regulation, when … Continue Reading
Norbert Maleschitz, from Austrian battery manufacturer Banner GmbH, is the winner of this year’s International Lead Award, which was presented at the 13th European Lead … Continue Reading
The International Lead Association (ILA) will work closely with the Advance Lead Acid Battery Consortium (ALABC) over the coming months, as the Consortium celebrates … Continue Reading
Latest EU Commission proposal for the REACH candidate list ‘undermines the credibility of the process’ – says lead industry
- Latest EU Commission proposal for candidate … Continue Reading
The International Lead Association (ILA) has appointed Bob Tolliday as its first-ever Communications Manager.
“We would like to welcome Bob to his new role which … Continue Reading
Former ILA Managing Director, Dr David Wilson, is to succeed Dr Pat Moseley as President of the Advanced Lead-Acid Battery Consortium (ALABC).
Members of the Steering Committee … Continue Reading
Eco-Bat, one of the largest producers of secondary lead, has created Safe for Life, a campaign that is communicated across all its sites to promote … Continue Reading
Registration has opened for the 13th European Lead Battery Conference (13ELBC) and exhibition, which is being held at the Marriott Rive Gauche Hotel and Conference … Continue Reading
After taking part in an exclusive test-drive in February, Autocar Magazine’s Hilton Holloway produced a detailed review of the LC Super Hybrid VW Passat demonstrator … Continue Reading
The International Lead Association, acting on behalf of the European Lead Sheet Industry Association (ELSIA), is working with an alliance of eight other organisations to … Continue Reading
The European arm of the Advanced Lead Acid Battery Consortium (EALABC), in collaboration with several automotive technology partners, has successfully developed advanced lead-acid battery … Continue Reading
Please make a note in your diaries that the 13th European Lead Battery Conference and Exhibition takes place in Paris from 25-28 September 2012. This will … Continue Reading
The ILA is pleased to announce that Belgian non-ferrous metals producer Metallo-Chimique has recently joined the ILA and ILA-Europe.
The company recycles lead, tin, copper and … Continue Reading
The economic phenomenon that is China has added another benchmark to its burgeoning inventory of superlatives. It has become the world’s largest manufacturer of car … Continue Reading
It sounds like a cue for a song. There are a hundred million electric bicycles in China. But even though it will never be a … Continue Reading
The flourishing future of the humble lead-acid battery is electrifying industry insiders, according to David Wilson, Director of the respected International Lead Association.
Seven hundred delegates … Continue Reading
Like most responsible industries nowadays the membership of the International Lead Association (ILA), which represents lead producers world-wide, considers sustainability and responsibility to be central … Continue Reading
Work has commenced on the preparation of an up-to-date Life Cycle Assessment for the production of primary and secondary lead in the European Union.
Current data … Continue Reading
Central America has a new environmentally sound lead acid battery recycling plant following the news that Acumuladores Iberia S.A. has successfully secured a licence from … Continue Reading