Latest results show that a demonstration hybrid vehicle (HEV), utilising an advanced lead carbon battery, is on track to meet stringent air quality and ultra-low emission requirements for the next generation of road vehicles.
The results of the ADEPT programme, of which the Advanced Lead Acid Battery Consortium (ALABC) is a partner, follow almost three years of intensive testing, development and validation of advanced mild hybrid technologies with 48V ‘intelligent electrification’ applied to a Ford Focus project demonstration vehicle.
As part of ths package ALABC's advanced lead-carbon battery pack, provides a high power, high endurance, easily recyclable, lithium-free low-cost energy storage solution.
The final results will be presented at the UK’s premier low carbon vehicle event LCV2016 on 14-15 September, where industry executives, government officials and the media will have an opportunity to drive the vehicle.
ALABC, with important contributions from Provector (battery pack design and construction) and the University of Sheffield (battery evaluation and dynamic charge acceptance studies), is part of the ADEPT (Advanced Diesel-Electric Powertrain) research consortium led by Ricardo together with Controlled Power Technologies (CPT), Faurecia Emissions Control Technologies UK Ltd, Ford Motor Company and the University of Nottingham.
The consortium aims to demonstrate the advanced 48V mild hybrid powertrain architecture fitted with an advanced lead carbon battery is capable of delivering near full hybrid-scale diesel fuel efficiency and reduced CO2 emissions, through a highly cost-effective package, without compromising increasingly stringent European exhaust emission regulations, which currently require cars to meet Euro 6b air quality standards in terms of NOx, PM and CO.
In addition, the integration of hybrid and emissions control systems has the potential to deliver up to a 10-12 percent reduction in fuel consumption, equivalent to sub-80g/km of CO2 emissions (NEDC). Crucially, the technology can be delivered at lower costs than a more traditional approach of optimizing each system separately. Initial analysis shows that costs (based on Ricardo’s estimation) of less than €80 per gram of CO2 reduction for every kilometre travelled is feasible through ADEPT technology. Ricardo believes the above package is very competitive with other fuel economy solutions such as full hybridization.
Alistair Davidson, of ALABC, said: “This clearly demonstrates that lead-carbon batteries are the most cost efficient way of meeting stringent future CO2 emission targets.”
The concept of intelligent electrification enables highly aggressive engine downsizing and down-speeding beyond what might normally be possible other than through more expensive hybridization approaches. This is achieved through the use of torque assist from electrically harvested energy, temporarily stored in a 48V advanced lead-carbon UltraBattery® pack (battery modules provided by ALABC consortium member East Penn Manufacturing) with a high rate partial state-of-charge capability similar to a supercapacitor, in combination with 48V electrified ancillaries.
With sophisticated electronic control of the powertrain systems, torque assist can be used to ensure that performance is maintained – or improved upon – throughout the duty cycle while also reducing fuel consumption. By basing the system on 48V electrical architecture, the ADEPT project aims to achieve a highly optimal cost and performance trade-off, including ultra-low emissions, while also delivering significant fuel savings.
Completion of development – testing ongoing
Following the announcement of the ADEPT project in September 2013, initial integration and development tests were carried out by the ADEPT team on an early ‘functional integration’ prototype, which was revealed at the LCV2014 show. This enabled the project to carry out de-risking of components and systems, and also provided a platform for evaluating control concepts.
The final ADEPT demonstrator vehicle, which has now been completed, provides the fullest implementation of systems to be carried out by the team. At the LCV2016 show, the final results of ongoing vehicle road and laboratory tests will be revealed for the first time. The project partners also intend to make the vehicle available for ride and drive demonstrations at LCV2016.
“We are really pleased to have achieved this important milestone of completion of the ADEPT demonstrator prototype,” commented Ricardo Innovations MD Thomas Gutwald. “While much development attention is currently focused on full hybrids and battery electric vehicles – including by Ricardo and its customers – I firmly believe that the concept of ‘intelligent electrification’ will have an extremely high level of mass market appeal, providing arguably a greater overall fuel and carbon emissions saving in the near to medium term due to its highly cost-effective focus on the combination of near-market, available technologies. We look forward to sharing the results of the road and laboratory testing that is currently ongoing with the ADEPT vehicle, at the LCV2016 show in September.”
The ADEPT research project is jointly funded by the UK Government’s Office for Low Emission Vehicles (OLEV) implemented through the UK innovation agency, Innovate UK, with matching contributions from the participating partners.
ADEPT powertrain architecture
The baseline vehicle for the ADEPT research and development programme is based on an already downsized and competitively fuel-efficient diesel Ford Focus ECOnetic 1.5TDCi, homologated with carbon dioxide emissions of 88g/km.
Key features of the vehicle systems include CPT’s water-cooled SpeedStart switched reluctance belt starter generator (BSG), capable of delivering in excess of 12kW of regenerative braking, as well as near instantaneous and near continuous torque assist levels of over 7kW – sufficient to enable significant engine down-speeding in addition to a highly capable start-stop functionality.
Further energy recovery is achieved from CPT’s exhaust mounted 48V turbine integrated exhaust gas energy recovery system known as TIGERS. Rated at 2.4kW, TIGERS is capable of providing further power recuperated from the exhaust downstream of the turbocharger. The exhaust gas is diverted to the TIGERS unit via two bespoke emissions control valves developed by Faurecia Emissions Controls technologies for the ADEPT project. Again, the recovered energy is stored in the advanced lead-carbon battery pack, providing a high power, high endurance, easily recyclable, lithium-free energy storage solution at a competitive cost.
The ADEPT powertrain includes a range of electrical ancillaries powered from the 48V system rather than directly from the engine, including for example, the vehicle air conditioning compressor. In addition to powering these ancillaries and facilitating a significantly improved start-stop functionality, ADEPT’s 48V architecture also provides significant levels of torque assist from the BSG to offset fuelling to the engine for improved fuel economy, and to increase overall powertrain torque capability for enhanced vehicle performance.
The control strategies deployed have been developed based on extensive vehicle systems simulation work. This has enabled the core powertrain and aftertreatment system, as well as the 48V BSG, ancillaries, battery pack and exhaust energy recovery system, to be operated in a seamless manner, while also providing a valuable computer-aided engineering (CAE) capability to explore further potential avenues of development and optimization opened up through intelligent 48V electrification.
The Advanced Lead Acid Battery Consortium is an international research co-operative comprised of lead producers, battery manufacturers, equipment suppliers, application developers, and research facilities organized to enhance the performance of lead batteries for a variety of markets, including hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) applications. A program of the International Lead Association, ALABC pools the resources of its global membership in order to perform specific research on advanced lead batteries that otherwise would not be possible by any single entity. For more information about the ALABC, visit www.alabc.org.
Lead technology’s premier position in the automotive battery market has been further enhanced by specialists attending a major car battery conference in San Francisco.
Findings presented … Continue Reading
The latest figures from the lead industry show that a voluntary programme to reduce workforce lead exposure in ILA member companies has delivered significant improvements.
Delegates … Continue Reading
The International Lead Association (ILA) and EUROBAT have called on the EU to make a health-based review of occupational exposure limits (OEL) for lead a … Continue Reading
Battery Council International (BCI), EUROBAT and the International Lead Association (ILA), have announced a new voluntary target to protect worker health in the lead producing … Continue Reading
Europe's largest lead conference Pb2017, (Berlin 28-30 June) promises 20 speakers over two days, a conference dinner, free table top exhibition space for suppliers, plus networking … Continue Reading
The Advanced Lead Acid Battery Consortium (ALABC) will add its expertise to a project that aims to create a solar-powered microgrid on the campus of … Continue Reading
Chinese battery makers are leading a renaissance in lead acid battery science , delegates learned this month at a technical workshop organised by the Advanced … Continue Reading
Automotive OEMs and lead-acid battery makers are accelerating a new collaborative work programme to ensure the next generation of energy storage systems meet car market … Continue Reading
Global car-makers will be in for a surprise next week (30 Jan 30 - 2 Feb) with a range of exciting new battery developments rolled … Continue Reading
Delegates at the 15th European Lead Battery Conference (15ELBC) heard how groundbreaking innovation and the unique advantages of lead batteries … Continue Reading
David Wilson, former head of the International Lead Association (ILA), has been recognised for his contribution to the lead and lead battery industry with the … Continue Reading
Innovation in lead batteries is continuing rapidly as the industry adapts to changing energy storage markets, said Andy Bush, managing director of the International Lead … Continue Reading
A blog published by Eurometaux, the European Association of Metals, sets out how innovation in lead batteries is delivering solutions to dramtically reduce carbon emissions … Continue Reading
Current mild-hybrid vehicle projects, in partnership with Ford and Hyundai/Kia, that utilize an advanced 48V lead-carbon battery, look set to play an important role in … Continue Reading
The Advanced Lead Acid Battery Consortium is taking an active part in the Advanced Automotive Battery Conference (AABC) in Detroit this week, with an Continue Reading
Cris Williams has been appointed as ILA’s new Senior Scientist - Health with responsibility for providing in depth expertise on toxicological science associated with lead … Continue Reading
News on the progress of the Advanced Lead Acid Battery Consoritum's (ALABC) new three-year program is being spread this week at the annual Battery Council … Continue Reading
The potential for a huge increase in the market for energy storage systems is an opportunity that lead batteries cannot afford to miss,.
At this year's … Continue Reading
A paper by ILA that evaluates the environmental impacts of the manufacture and use of lead products, has highlighted the benefits of advanced lead batteries.
The … Continue Reading
The International Lead Association (ILA), EUROBAT, Battery Council International (BCI), and Association of Battery Recyclers (ABR) have announced the formation of a new strategic alliance. … Continue Reading
As part of a reorganisation of associations supporting the global lead industry, the International Lead Association has taken responsibility for the management of the Advanced … Continue Reading
Raise your company's profile at the most important lead battery conference in 2016.
Lisa Allen has been appointed as the new Lead REACH Consortium Manager. In her role at the International Lead Association she will be responsible for … Continue Reading
An information leaflet setting out the dangers of lithium-ion batteries entering the lead battery recycling process has been published.
The warning, which will be distributed to … Continue Reading
The lead and lead battery industries must work together more closely if the lead battery is to remain the product of choice for consumers and … Continue Reading
Bob Nelson, a pioneer in the work of the Advanced Lead Acid Battery Consortium (ALABC) has been awarded this year’s International Lead Award.
Each year the … Continue Reading
Lead-based batteries can be a part of the solution to the sustainability challenges society faces, according to the International Lead Association (ILA).
In a paper in … Continue Reading
The Advanced Lead Acid Battery Consortium (ALABC) has published a factsheet on the benefits to industry of its three-year research programme 2013-15. The 2013-15 ALABC programme … Continue Reading
A clear and focused global programme led by the International Lead Association (ILA) will help create the conditions needed for lead producing companies to thrive … Continue Reading
Lead producers and miners have taken action to protect workers by introducing voluntary targets to reduce exposure to lead that go beyond current international regulations.
The … Continue Reading
The EU Commission has been asked to reconsider how effective the REACH Authorisation process is for the management of a range of chemical substances that … Continue Reading
The 19th International Lead Conference (Pb2015) now has more than 100 delegates, from more than 50 companies, due to attend in Lisbon, 22-24 April.
The conference … Continue Reading
A free-to-use computer model that helps regulators and industry ensure that rivers, lakes and streams are protected from the potential risks of lead has been … Continue Reading
The Advanced Lead Acid Battery Consortium (ALABC) aims to take technology forward to levels of performance that will ensure lead batteries remain the battery of … Continue Reading
19th International Lead Conference Lisbon, 22-24 April 2015
After its successful workshop at Pb2013, the International Lead Association has announced it is to host the second Lead Occupational Exposure Workshop, in Lisbon, prior … Continue Reading
The International Lead Association has confirmed its programme for the the 19th International Lead Conference (Pb2015), which will be held in Lisbon, Portuagal, 22-24 April … Continue Reading
The Advanced Lead Acid Battery Consortium (ALABC) has held its first technical lead battery workshop in North America to discuss advances in technology for current … Continue Reading
A new study shows that virtually all lead-based automotive batteries that have come to the end of their useful life are collected and recycled in … Continue Reading
ILA has announced that the 19th International Lead Conference (Pb2015) will take place on 22-24 April 2015 in Lisbon, Portugal. The event, organised by ILA, … Continue Reading
The continuing success of lead battery products and the potential for new markets was among the encouraging news for delegates … Continue Reading
The International Lead Association (ILA) has put promoting the many benefits of lead batteries high on its agenda over the coming years. In an artilce published … Continue Reading
Dick Amistadi and Michael Mayer have been honoured with the International Lead Award for a lifetime of service to the lead industry.
For the first time … Continue Reading
New studies commissioned by the International Lead Association (ILA) have given greater insight into the environmental profile of lead-based products across their entire life cycle.
As … Continue Reading
Future demand for lead is assured and it will be needed more than ever to support the growing market for energy storage solutions, according to … Continue Reading
An article in the May edition of Metal Bulletin looks at how lead metal has become one of the most recycled commodities in the world … Continue Reading
The International Lead Association will be represented at the exhibition for EU Green Week, Europe’s biggest annual conference on environment … Continue Reading
The International Lead Association (ILA) has welcomed a new study by Europe’s automotive and battery industry which concludes that lead-based batteries will by necessity remain … Continue Reading
The 14th European Lead Battery Conference (14ELBC), Europe’s leading lead battery conference, has announced its programme and opened registration for delegates.
Organised by the International … Continue Reading
Dr Craig Boreiko, Scientific Programs Director at the International Lead Zinc Research Organization (ILZRO) has retired after 25 years of service as the global lead … Continue Reading
Following the announcement that Martin Boddy, Chairman of both ILA and ILA-Europe is stepping down from both roles, two new chairman have been appointed in … Continue Reading
The lead industry must deliver continuous improvement in environmental, health and safety performance to build trust according to Dr Andy Bush, ILA Managing Director in the Autumn … Continue Reading
There are no concerns about the availability of raw materials or the security of supply for lead-based batteries for the foreseeable future, according to a … Continue Reading
One of the most important environmental research projects in recent years, conducted on behalf of the lead industry by the International Lead Association (ILA), is … Continue Reading
Experts in occupational health and safety practices have completed two successful training missions to India where they worked alongside the domestic lead industry to promote … Continue Reading
The International Lead Association (ILA) has added to its improvement programme on risk management and responsible care with the publication of a freely-available new guide … Continue Reading
The important role of environmental stewardship has been recognised in this year’s International Lead Award with the honour going to Brian Wilson of … Continue Reading
Ground-breaking research funded over several years by the International Lead Association (ILA) has helped to shape important changes to the EU’s regulations on water quality … Continue Reading
Copies of the presentations during the ILA's 18th International Lead Conference (Pb2013) are now on sale and are available electronically.
Delegates to the conference, … Continue Reading
Lead exposure to workers in the European and North American lead industry is well managed and reductions continue to be recorded, according to newly released … Continue Reading
The International Lead Association (ILA) has called for greater support from EU institutions for the vital role that the lead industry and its downstream users … Continue Reading
Lead-carbon batteries used in hybrid electric vehicles have passed a rigorous test of their durability with flying colours.
A Honda Civic Hybrid (HEV) with lead-carbon Ultrabattery … Continue Reading
ILA’s Annual Review 2012, illustrating the sustainability of the lead industry and its commitment to continuous improvement, has been published.
The review also reports on … Continue Reading
International experts have completed a successful training mission to China where they worked alongside the domestic lead industry to promote good environmental performance and occupational … Continue Reading
Recent media reports appear to have fundamentally misunderstood the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) adoption of a Reference Value for lead in … Continue Reading
ILA notes with interest the start of the public consultation by the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) on a proposal by Sweden to limit the risk … Continue Reading
As part of its commitment to improving risk management in the lead industry, particularly in developing countries, the International Lead Association (ILA) has launched a … Continue Reading
The Advanced Lead-Acid Battery Consortium (ALABC) and Controlled Power Technologies (CPT) have been recognised for developing their low-cost LC Super Hybrid car technology at the … Continue Reading
The current economic climate presents tremendous opportunities for the lead industry … Continue Reading
Proposals by Sweden for the harmonised EU classification of lead metal as a proven human reproductive hazard will have serious repercussions for the … Continue Reading
Regulators are failing to take into account some of the most important factors, such as the overall economic benefits and effectiveness of existing regulation, when … Continue Reading
Norbert Maleschitz, from Austrian battery manufacturer Banner GmbH, is the winner of this year’s International Lead Award, which was presented at the 13th European Lead … Continue Reading
The International Lead Association (ILA) will work closely with the Advance Lead Acid Battery Consortium (ALABC) over the coming months, as the Consortium celebrates … Continue Reading
Latest EU Commission proposal for the REACH candidate list ‘undermines the credibility of the process’ – says lead industry
- Latest EU Commission proposal for candidate … Continue Reading
The International Lead Association (ILA) has appointed Bob Tolliday as its first-ever Communications Manager.
“We would like to welcome Bob to his new role which … Continue Reading
Former ILA Managing Director, Dr David Wilson, is to succeed Dr Pat Moseley as President of the Advanced Lead-Acid Battery Consortium (ALABC).
Members of the Steering Committee … Continue Reading
Eco-Bat, one of the largest producers of secondary lead, has created Safe for Life, a campaign that is communicated across all its sites to promote … Continue Reading
Registration has opened for the 13th European Lead Battery Conference (13ELBC) and exhibition, which is being held at the Marriott Rive Gauche Hotel and Conference … Continue Reading
After taking part in an exclusive test-drive in February, Autocar Magazine’s Hilton Holloway produced a detailed review of the LC Super Hybrid VW Passat demonstrator … Continue Reading
The International Lead Association, acting on behalf of the European Lead Sheet Industry Association (ELSIA), is working with an alliance of eight other organisations to … Continue Reading
The European arm of the Advanced Lead Acid Battery Consortium (EALABC), in collaboration with several automotive technology partners, has successfully developed advanced lead-acid battery … Continue Reading
Please make a note in your diaries that the 13th European Lead Battery Conference and Exhibition takes place in Paris from 25-28 September 2012. This will … Continue Reading
The ILA is pleased to announce that Belgian non-ferrous metals producer Metallo-Chimique has recently joined the ILA and ILA-Europe.
The company recycles lead, tin, copper and … Continue Reading
The economic phenomenon that is China has added another benchmark to its burgeoning inventory of superlatives. It has become the world’s largest manufacturer of car … Continue Reading
It sounds like a cue for a song. There are a hundred million electric bicycles in China. But even though it will never be a … Continue Reading
The flourishing future of the humble lead-acid battery is electrifying industry insiders, according to David Wilson, Director of the respected International Lead Association.
Seven hundred delegates … Continue Reading
Like most responsible industries nowadays the membership of the International Lead Association (ILA), which represents lead producers world-wide, considers sustainability and responsibility to be central … Continue Reading
Work has commenced on the preparation of an up-to-date Life Cycle Assessment for the production of primary and secondary lead in the European Union.
Current data … Continue Reading
Central America has a new environmentally sound lead acid battery recycling plant following the news that Acumuladores Iberia S.A. has successfully secured a licence from … Continue Reading