The danger of explosions caused by lithium-ion batteries getting into the lead-acid battery smelting process is putting at risk their efficient collection and recycling, according to an article the latest edition of Batteries International.
The article by International Lead Association (ILA) Regulatory Affairs Director, Dr Steve Binks, explains how companies that operate secondary lead smelters have started to report an increase in the number of lithium-ion batteries mixed into deliveries of used lead-based batteries ready to use as feedstock for their recycling process. Due to their chemical composition, fires and possible explosions can occur if a lithium-ion battery is heated up, or is subjected to a sustained shock.
“Sadly a number of significant safety incidents have now been reported that have highlighted the risk to property, but more importantly the safety of employees,” said Dr Binks.
Confusingly, some lithium-ion batteries used in automotive applications have the same dimensions and appearance as lead SLI batteries, making them extremely difficult to identify with a visual inspection - especially when received in pallets or bins containing thousands of used batteries.
Unlike lead-based batteries, which have a 99% collection and recycling rate in Europe and North America, there is little commercial value in a used lithium-ion battery -- in fact, there is a cost to dispose of them. As a result there is actually an incentive to dispose of lithium-ion batteries by co-mingling them with used lead batteries.
A solution is now being sought to allow better identification of different battery chemistries in the US through the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) and in Europe through the International Electrotechnical Committee (IEC) with proposals to develop standardised colour-coded labelling, These initiatives involve battery associations (EUROBAT, Battery Council International and Recharge) and manufacturers both lead-based and lithium-ion, as well as the recycling industry represented by ILA and the Association of Battery Recyclers.
Dr Binks warned: “Until improved battery chemistry identification solutions are adopted, all players including lithium-ion battery manufacturers, battery sorters and lead battery recyclers, must work together to ensure that we are not faced with the tragedy of a fatality, or significant industrial injury, that has resulted from a fire or explosion caused by a lithium-ion battery erroneously entering the lead battery recycling stream.”
EUROBAT, the Association of European Automotive and Industrial Battery Manufacturers, has has called for a '2030 Battery Strategy for Europe' and for greater co-ordination between … Continue Reading
What would the world look like without lead batteries? Today, February 18 is National Battery Day, and to increase awareness on lead batteries, Battery Council … Continue Reading
European regulation should support the non-ferrous metal industry to be globally competitive, otherwise more and more production and recycling will occur overseas, said … Continue Reading
Lead REACH Consortium has launched its new website - www.ila-reach.org
The new website has been developed by the Consortium Secretariat to improve and … Continue Reading
The lead battery industry has urged the European Commission to use its discretion to grant an Article 58(2) exemption from REACH authorisation for use of lead … Continue Reading
ALABC member and leading battery producer Johnson Controls International (JCI) recently announced an investment of $445 million to boost production of its absorbent glass mat … Continue Reading
The Cross-Industry Initiative (CII), an ad-hoc coalition of nearly 60 EU-wide, national organisations and companies, of which the Lead REACH Consortium is a partner, has … Continue Reading
Official recognition by the Oeko Institute that there is no mass market alternative to lead-based batteries for most automotive applications has been welcomed by a … Continue Reading
The International Lead Association (ILA) has welcomed calls for a smart energy revolution in the UK and highlighted the importance that lead batteries must play … Continue Reading
MAINZ, GERMANY (January 27, 2016) – Current mild-hybrid vehicle projects, in partnership with Ford and Hyundai/Kia, that utilize advanced 48V lead-carbon batteries, can reduce CO2 … Continue Reading
The International Lead Association (ILA) has welcomed the European Commission’s new Circular Economy package and has called on the EU to ensure other products match … Continue Reading
The U.S. Department of Energy has recently encouraged the Advanced Lead Acid Battery Consortium (ALABC) to participate in the initial start-stop battery testing program of … Continue Reading
Lead batteries, used in vehicles and as energy storage for emergency power and renewable energy, have been confirmed as the most recycled product in the … Continue Reading
A new report by the International Council on Mining & Metals (ICMM) provides a comprehensive picture of how important mining is to economies across the … Continue Reading
The EU must continue to allow the use of lead-based batteries in vehicles as they are essential for the needs … Continue Reading
Michigan-based Advanced Battery Concepts has won an award from the Global Greentech Cluster Association (GCCA) for production of the world's first large-format, bipolar, sealed AGM, … Continue Reading
The European non-ferrous metals industry association, Eurometaux, has issued a series of recommendations to EU policymakers on how they can increase competitiveness and improve sustainaiblity.
Eurometaux, which … Continue Reading
A potential new use for lead could dramatically lower the cost and raise the efficiency of photovoltaic solar cells.
Using a compound called perovskite, which contains … Continue Reading
There would be a significant impact on the overall performance and cost of vehicles, plus an effect on targets for fuel efficiency and reduced CO2 … Continue Reading
An informative leaflet for installers of lead sheet, just published by the European Lead Sheet Industry Association (ELSIA), sets out how lead sheet installers can … Continue Reading
South Korean car manufacturer Kia has chosen to use lead-carbon batteries rather than lithium-ion batteries in its future range of cars.
Kia has claimed that the … Continue Reading
The European Lead Sheet Industry Association (ELSIA) is to be part of the technical secretariat that will work with the EU Commission to develop rules … Continue Reading
Following the world’s largest metal industry event, London Metal Exchange Week, industry experts are touting the future of lead and its vital role in modern … Continue Reading
Lead-based batteries are making important inroads into the market to supply batteries and energy storage systems for use in heavy-duty hybrid electric trucks.
Advanced Lead-Acid Battery … Continue Reading
A new leaflet illustrating why non-ferrous metals are crucial to achieving a sustainable society prominently features lead.
Lead-acid battery makers in Europe and North America have updated their voluntary blood lead mitigation programmes for employees of all their member companies.
In the announcement … Continue Reading
Three remote islands off the west coast of Scotland are relying for their power on lead-acid battery technology.
Electrochemist Dr David Rand, a lifelong researcher into lead-acid battery technology and an invaluable member of the ILA organising team for the European Lead Battery … Continue Reading
ILA member Teck Resources Limited, has been recognised as one of the Global 100 Most Sustainable Corporations for 2013.
Launched in 2005 by … Continue Reading
Global demand for refined lead metal continues to show impressive growth according to industry forecasts.
Figures from the International Lead Zinc Study Group (ILZSG) confirm that … Continue Reading
Two important publications on mining’s contribution to sustainable development have been published by the International Council on Mining and Metals (ICMM).
The role of mining in … Continue Reading
The latest innovations and advances in lead-acid battery technology impressed delegates at the sell-out 13th European Lead Battery Conference, in Paris, last week.
Among the conference … Continue Reading
The Lead Sheet Association (LSA), an ILA Associate Member, has produced a short film promoting the benefits of using lead sheet in building projects.
The Doe Run Company has received the Grand Award for Publication Excellence from The Business Communications Report for its “Leading Change” sustainability report. Doe Run’s … Continue Reading
A facility, using lead carbon UltraBattery technology, providing three megawatts of power to homes in eastern USA has been launched. ILA member East Penn Manufacturing Co., … Continue Reading
The Advanced Lead Acid Battery Consortium has reported on new research by Lux which predicts that micro-hybrid engine technology will grow nearly eight-fold to 39 … Continue Reading
Global lead use exceeded 10 million tonnes for the first time ever in 2011, according to the International Lead and Zinc Study Group (ILZSG).
The ILZSG, … Continue Reading
London’s Heathrow Airport has recently unveiled its new driverless, electric pods used to ferry passengers between the Terminal 5 business car park and the main … Continue Reading